Sister Houses

Once Mark and I began our research of the Hardaway Cottage. We were assisted by Mr. Mike Shaddix; the historian at the Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation. He sent us an amazing amount of information including building specification that had to be submitted to FDR through his holding company, The Meriwether Reserve. Included in those documents were multiple references to a home on Peachtree Battle Drive in Atlanta. Long story short, we decided we had to have a look for ourselves and we went! Not only did we go, but we knocked on the door and made a new friend! The current owner of the home graciously opened up his home to us and gave us a tour! We have now teamed up to research our sister houses!

Mr. H. W. Nicholes was a builder in Atlanta. He also brought his son an architect into the business and the company name, Nicholes and Nicholes, reflects that. In 1929 he built and lived at 549 Peachtree Battle Road. It appears that this was also where his son lived. This information was established by a register of Georgia architects. We have the documentation through building specifications that establishes the fact that Rebecca Hardaway (Mrs. Benjamin Hurt Hardaway Sr.) hired the Nicholes firm and visited this home, and she was so impressed with many of the features that she requested them in her investment home, the Hardaway Cottage, in Warm Springs Georgia. The Hardaway Cottage was completed in 1933. We know this because it appears in a copy of “The Polio Chronicle”.

We tried to figure out how the Hardaway family and the Nicholes family knew each other. Since the Hardaway family founded and operated a concrete company, Hardaway Contracting Company, it seems reasonable to think that they may have been business acquaintances. Nicholes was a well-known Atlanta builder and architect, and Hardaway developed concrete techniques that were replacing wooden bridges and other structures as we moved into the 20th century. Another possibility that could have brought them together may have been the good old fashioned family connection. A Mr. Joel Hurt brought Nicholes in on a building and development project. Benjamin “Hurt” Hardaway may have been the relative that introduced them.

The project that Joel Hardaway started and Nicholas tried to finish was the development of Cameron Court, a subdivision in Atlanta. According to documentation related to historic status filing for Cameron Court Mr. Nicholes faced financial stress that culminated in a bankruptcy. Due to the bankruptcy in 1926 Mr. Nicholes only completed half of the houses in Cameron Court and other builders stepped in to complete the subdivision. Apparently, the risks of building development were difficult then just like they are now! Mr. Nicholes developed homes in Cameron Court, Atkins Park and Druid Hills. Clearly this is not an inclusive list.

The home on Peachtree Battlle appears to be a combination of styles including Spanish the Hardaway Cottage is clearly Georgian. Common features on the exterior between Peachtree Battle Road and 78 Magnolia Street, (Hardaway Cottage) include the slate roof, brick construction painted white, quoin corners, and black shutters. On the interior both homes share the exact same hearth and mantel, stair style, bathroom tile in two bathrooms, and white oak floors. Additionally, both homes utilize a Jack and Jill style bathroom on the second story of the house, and they both have a sun porch with a red promenade tile floor.

I think that the two homes demonstrate the talent of Nicholes since he customized each home to the needs of the owner and the location. The Magnolia Cottage is a very early example of a home with handicapped access since it was built with a Sedgewick elevator. It was designed as a high end rental property for patients to the Roosevelt Foundation and wealthy families wishing to vacation at the warm springs. The rental patterns during the 1930’s included families who would rent a home for several months at a time either for vacationing or patient treatment. These two homes are a testament to the talent of the Nicholes father and son team.

Rebirth of a Kitchen Pt3

     First task was to gut the kitchen. That’s always fun when you strip something down in a house. Beth and I love to play “Name that Smell.” Of course that’s always followed by the ever popular “Where’s that Smell?” Photos walk you through it. Start with the obvious and end with the demolition…appliances>cabinet doors and hinges>ranges>plumbing fixtures>counter tops>cabinets>flooring>flooring adhesives. That last one liked to kill me. Researched the “youtube” and it seemed the most effective was a floor polisher with diamond cutting strips that slowly ground the adhesive and tar off the wood by rough sanding into the wood surface. $250 and 18 hours later the floor is ready for finish sanding by “the floor guy.” Yes that’s right, I am not even going to try to sand every floor in this house and perfectly apply stain and top coat. We have a guy for that.

This is the Gene Spalding kitchen that we started with upon purchase. The thin lower cabinets at the far end of the room will be repainted, stacked, and used as a dining room built-in for linens. All of the cabinets will be rebuilt for the new space. Some of the base cabinets must be cut for wheelchair access. All of the doors must have flat panels put in them to give a 1920-30’s look. I’ll cover that in another post. Here goes the demo.

The TV shows always show people swinging sledge hammers. It’s actually a lot easier to remove the screws and take the cabinets down. If you don’t have TV remodel elfs then who wants to pick up all of those little splintered pieces. Besides we are repurposing the cabinets. Gene Spalding paid for top quality furniture grade oak. The wall with a giant piece missing is our special find. We won the game of “Where’s that Smell” and found old termite damage in the wall under the center window. Luckily it has no activity, but it will take a day to build back the wall. The white and black stuff on the floor is the leftover from the adhesive of the original linoleum. Today we think of linoleum as a low grade floor covering. In 1933 it was a new invention and was considered quite swanky. It is the final layer to remove before we could see the beautiful 3/4″ white oak wood floors. 

The hopes of having fun riding on a floor polisher were dashed as I learned to balance the thing as it screamed around the room. Felt like I was wrestling a bull for two days. It only kicked me once when I let go of the handle too quickly, the blades were still spinning, and the handles spun around as I walked away and hit me in the ribs. Luckily…nobody saw that and…”I’m good, I’m alright.” Didn’t finish until about 10pm on the second day. Dust flying everywhere as I beat the floor into submission. Now I see why “the floor guy” said “I’m not scraping that stuff off.”

     Fast forward to end of process…the floors look great, are very level now. They will finish up beautifully.

Rebirth of a Kitchen Pt2

     “Learn a spaces original form, and you have a guide for reforming that space.”

Warm Springs Vacation

Original kitchen blueprints from architect HW Nichols of Atlanta 

Warm Springs GA Hotels owners

Top view in Sketch-Up of the original kitchen and breakfast room 

     Here are the original plans and layout of the kithen. The blueprint is from the archives of the Roosevelt Institute. Even though this is a private residence, it is still on the grounds of the Institute and had to conform to their building convenents.

     As we removed the flooring down to the hardwood the original structure was confirmed. The wood flooring had repairs that filled-in where walls once stood. Of course these repairs now have to be replaced with hardwood harvested from areas that will be under cabinets. The structure of the original floors is fairly simple. Diagonal strips of wood are nailed to the floor joists. Final boards are nailed to the diagonal boards. In the Hardaway Cottage the diagonal boards are pine and the final floor boards are white oak.

Hardaway kitchen floors warm springs ga
Layers of an older home wood floor. Floor joists are vertical first layer of diagonal boards are pine. Finish layer of horizontal boards is white pine at the Hardaway Cottage

          When we purchased the property we realized that the kitchen had been remodeled by Gene Spalding sometime in the 90’s. The kitchen remodel removed walls and installed custom made, high quality cabinets. This is the one room we are gutting and starting again. We wanted to make sure that the kitchen is ADA compliant and returned to a look and feel of the 1930’s when it was built. We are keeping the larger size without the breakfast nook. Below is a Sketch-Up rendering of the remodel.

new size Hardaway Cottage Kitchen
New size of Kitchen
Haradaway Kitchen Mockup Warm Springs GA
Hardaway kitchen floors warm springs ga

The mock-up shows a new design and ADA accomodations. Elizabeth has designed shelves that leave the windows open and allows for a unique display of drinkware.

We have a long way to go to get to the final plan. It always seems impossible when you start. The transformation begins.

Rebirth of a Kitchen Pt1

In a remodel of any space you start with what is there. You can have all the dreams or images of what could be or what you want. However, you must always deal with what exists first. That is a fancy way of saying, while all of the TV remodeling shows love “demo day,” the reality of cleaning up all of the broken pieces and scraping away of layers of flooring, paint, dirt, and glues is no fun without the behind the scene TV demo minions. It is just long, tedious, dirty work.

Gene Spalding Kitchen Warm Springs GA
Gene Spalding Kitchen Warm Springs GA
Gene Spalding Kitchen Warm Springs GA
Gene Spalding Kitchen Warm Springs GA

Existing Kitchen January 2017. Gene Spalding remodel in mid 1990’s.

     Part of the fun of remodeling for Elizabeth and I is the act of discovery as we uncover the layers of history in a bathroom or kitchen floor. We explore how each family that made the house a home decorated and used the space. What paint was on the walls, What flooring is possibly under the layers of linoleum, wood, press-and-peel tile, original 1933 premium linoleum, and original hardwood planks covered in 80 year old tar. Regardless of what we might think of the color, material, or style; someone took the time to pick out each wallpaper design, every floor covering type, and each cabinet feature.

     We uncovered a brightly colored mid 1960’s kitchen wallpaper design and texted pictures to the man that grew up in the house at that time. He was so excited to once again see his “Mother’s Wallpaper.” Elizabeth and I know the appearance of our house in Atlanta is scrutinized in every detail by our grandaughters to see what has changed. The inevitable questions follow as to why we changed one of their favorite things. Making a kitchen the center of a home starts with design and decor, but is only complete by building memories with family.

     We want to rebuild the platform of memory buidling at the Hardaway Cottage. Functional design is key to inviting people to hang around to bake cookies or nibble as dinner is being prepared. Simple things that we remember the rest of our life. I can still picture two little boys in pajamas helping their Mom press home-made granola into a baking pan and licking their sticky fingers. Then pouring milk for their “bed-night” snack. Those boys are grown now, but I won’t forget.